Chapter 24. Layer Four Protocol and Raw IP Handling
This chapter describes the interface between L3 and L4 protocols. The only L3 protocol considered here is IP. The L4 protocols include the familiar TCP, UDP, and ICMP, along with several other ones. The L4 protocols are not covered in this book for reasons of space and complexity. However, this chapter explains what happens when applications handle their own L4 (and sometimes L3) processing through raw IP.
In particular, this chapter explains:
We saw in Chapter 21 the functions that L4 protocols use to transmit an IP datagram. Since this book focuses on IP, this chapter covers only those L4 protocols that sit on top of IP. The chapter describes the IPv4 interface and then briefly shows where IPv6 differs.